An interview is a process to evaluate whether an applicant is suitable for a position of employment in the employer’s company, firm or organization.
A personal interaction between the employer & the prospective employee. Both the parties can get a firsthand account of each other & a situation if handled carefully can elicit information that might not be known otherwise
It is usually the last step of the hiring process & the most important
It also helps to get information from each other, exchange ideas and come to a tentative conclusion about working with each other
Types of Interviews:
The Preliminary or Screening Interview: This is an initial interview that helps the employer to find the right applicants for the job. This type of interview will provide the applicants with an opportunity to highlight skills, achievements and show enthusiasm.
Structured Interview – Competencies: The employer identifies the competencies (skills, abilities and experience) required for the role. They design the questions to test whether the candidate has these competencies.
The Formal Interview: This is the most common of interview types and will take place usually in the place of work and will be a one on one interview. The interview will usually be held by one of the key personal responsible for hiring.
The Informal Interview: This type of interview will usually be very relaxed and sometimes it will take place away from the work environment, if the interview is to be held over a meal then never drink alcohol even if asked.
The Panel Interview: During this type of interview several people may interview you at the same time; an important point to remember during this type of interview is to keep establishing eye contact with every panel member not just the person asking you questions.
The Group Interview: This type of interview involves several applicants being interviewed together; the main reason for this type of interview is to see how well applicants interact with one another.
The Stress Interview: During this type of interview you will be purposely put in a stressful environment to see how you react to stressful situations, it is important to keep good eye contact and answer in a confident manner.
Telephone Interview: This type of remote job interview can be a first point of employment screening where the potential candidate is evaluated before invited for further discussions.
Behavioral Interview / Situational Interview: Behavioral interviews find out how you would act in a given or certain situation.